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Showing posts from March 23, 2014


V.S. Ramachandran, India (1951-) In The Making of a Scientist , the writer presents his own experience of becoming a scientist. He is currently a neurologist and is working in the field of brain research. He talks about science and ways to become a scientist. He said one needs some obsessive qualities and should be curious about science to become a scientist so that curiosity dominates one’s life. He showed his interest in various fields like chemistry, history, physics, botany etc. He explained about his family members who have helped in various ways and their support whilst his study determined him to become a scientist. Due to his curiosity and interest in science, he presented himself to become a successful neurologist. He focuses on two questions that matter his life when he looks over his life: how much impact has he had? and how much fun? This essay discusses the requirements to become a successful scientist. According to Ramachandran, obsessive and passionate curiosity , a

King John and the Abbot of Canterbury

Anonymous, England (before 1695) The Abbot of Canterbury is an anonymous poem. The time of the poem is Medieval England, particularly the days of King John. The locale (venue/The scene of any event or action ) of the poem is England and as to type it is southern ballad. The style is entertaining even conversational. Two lessons we get from the poem, one is wisdom is not confined to the wise, even an ordinary person can at times be as wise as the wisest of the land second idea that with wit and wisdom we can defeat the might of a king. To generalise wit (brain power) is more effective than brute (Someone who treats others inhumanely, or is regarded as wildly violent or uncivilised) power. In the poem, the writer mentions the two central characters and they are King John and the Abbot of Canterbury . The king is infamous for his wrong deeds among his people at the one side and on the other side the Abbot of Canterbury is popular among people due to his popular deeds and behaviours


Bertrand Russell, England (1872-1970) In the essay " Keeping Errors at Bay ", Russell talks about how to avoid errors and provides some techniques for that. According to him, we can be free from most errors and blind beliefs through experiments using common and creative sense. The essay provides us about what are the things for making errors and how can we avoid them or what are the basic approaches for removing our foolish ideas, fear and feeling of superiority, selfishness and bais. According to Russell fear is the most common source of error. It may operate directly or indirectly and has many forms, for example, fear of death, fear of the dark, and fear of the unknown. In fact, fear is the source of evil. If we use scientific knowledge and methods, we can avoid such errors.  The writer provides multiple examples of mistakes that generally people commit in their day-to-day life. His main idea is to provide suggestions to avoid mistakes. We need a careful, serious, critic