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EXPRESSING PREFERENCES  Vocabulary in use  Supply the correct word from the box below after each definition.  pr eoccupied or filled the mind of (someone) continually and to a troubling extent: obsessed  the activity of looking at goods displayed in shop windows especially without intending to buy anything: windowed shopping   very silly or unreasonable: ridiculous a large belly: stomach   changed or caused to change direction abruptly: swerved hiding so as to wait in ambush for someone or something: lurking having or showing offensive desire: evil spoke with sudden involuntary pauses repeating the initial letters of words: stammered Reading comprehension  Read the extracts given below, and answer the questions that follow.  “I’m not a girl…I mean I’m not a girl for the girl…I mean the friend I am going to meet.”  Who said this and to whom? Anuja said this to her father What does ‘the girl’ refer to? It refers to a particular girl i.e., Anuja's

Unit 10: Describing Events

  Words Meanings Insurgent  A person who takes part in an armed rebellion against the constituted authority (especially in the hope of improving conditions)/freedom-fighter  Utopian  A perfect place; an imaginary state in which everything is perfect; idealistic Ideal Satisfying one’s conception of what is perfect; most suitable Two-pronged Separated into parts Oppression Unjust exercise of or power Intertwined One involved with the other and vice versa Ultimatum A final demand/the rejection of which will result in retaliation or a breakdown in relation Expunged Removed completely Parity The state or condition of being equal, especially as regards status Convention An assembly of people/large meeting or conference Feminist A person who supports or recommends the rights of women Vocabulary in Use Find the words from the text above that give similar meaning to the following. having

Unit 11: Describing an Object or a Place: Talking about Present

Excursion : a journey taken for pleasure Orchard : Garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth Nectar : Fruit juice especially when undiluted Prickly : Very irritable, Having or covered with protective barbs or quills or spines or thorns or setae etc. Plummy : very desirable Pulpy :  Like a pulp or overripe; not having stiffness  Spurts : The occurrence of a sudden discharge (as of liquid)/discharge  Bumpy : Covered with or full of bumps Enrich Your Vocabulary (page 126) Find the words from the text to describe an orange for each set. test- delicious, sweet, sour, juicy sight- tempting, large, small, green, ripe, attractive, plummy touch- prickly, pulpy, hard, bumpy smell- sweet, fragrant, pleasant Read and Match  (page 127) Match the nouns in column ‘A’ with their suitable describing words in column ‘B’. orchard - heaven like                                        oranges trees - big and small                          orange leaves - green   

Unit 9: Expressing Unexpected Results

The Road Not Taken (Robert Frost)  This poem consists of four stanzas, every five lines in length has a traditional rhyme scheme of ABAAB which helps keep the lines tight, whilst the use of enjambment (where one line runs into the next with no punctuation) keeps the sense flowing. Rhyme Scheme : ababa Symbolism : Two roads that represent two or more choices in our life Anaphora (the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses) : “and” repeated at the beginning of lines 2, 3 and 4 Alliteration :  Wanted wear - “w” sound is repeating First For - “f” sound is repeating Though, that - “th” sound is repeating The poet, while travelling on foot in the woods, comes across a junction where his path diverges into two roads, and he has to choose one of them. Now the poet is in dilemma which road he should take to continue his journey. He stands there for a long time looking at one of the roads. He finds this road as a beaten track (the route frequently