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Showing posts from April 10, 2022

HERE I LOVE YOU - Pablo Neruda (1904-1973)

Here I Love You Here I Love You (1924) is an evocation of a romantic mood. The poem is split into six stanzas of uneven lengths. The stanzas range from three-six lines, with no rhyme scheme. The speaker in this poem loves his departed beloved. He passionately recalls the sweet moments he spent in her company. The pathos of separation is centralised by the poet’s skilful handling of “here” and “there” by using two sets of contrasting pictures. This romantic poem is held together by a series of brilliant and startling (surprising) images of love and death.   The speaker is sad because of his separation from his girlfriend/beloved. His beloved is not with him. She is far away. The speaker uses ‘here’ to suggest this mortal world and ‘there’ to suggest out of this world. She is beyond his reach. She is beyond mortal’s reach. He feels alone in this mortal (physical) world. But his love for her is still the same as in the past. He passionately recalls the sweet moments he spent in her compa

THE STRONGER - August Strindberg (1849-1912)

Characters : MME X ., an actress, married BOB  (Husband) MLLE Y ., an actress, unmarried (Amelia) A WAITRESS SETTING: The corner of a ladies' cafe, two little iron tables, a red velvet sofa, and several chairs. The Stronger , a one-act play by August Strindberg explores the power dynamics between two women, X and Y . It is universally considered a classical short play and a monodrama of great psychological insight (depth). The play represents a triangular situation in which two actresses—one married, Mrs X, and one unmarried, Miss Y—meet accidentally at a café while Christmas shopping and begin considering their past competition in love for Mrs X’s husband. The play is unique in that the subject of the discussion, the husband, never appears, and for the fact that only one of the women, Mrs X, speaks, while the other, Miss Y, merely reacts.  The play is simple. Two characters of the play are two women simply called Mrs X and Miss Y. Here we can see the role and position of women i

THE USE OF FORCE - William Carlos Williams (1883-1963)

Characters : Doctor Mathilda (Daughter) Father (Mr Olson) Mother (Mrs Olson) The story The Use of Force written by William Carlos Williams is presented as a struggle of will between the two main characters : an adult doctor, who finds himself increasingly unable to maintain his professional attitude, and a sick girl who fights throughout her examination. The simplistic saying “Violence is never the answer”, is disproved by the action of this story.  The story shows a conflict between the doctor and a determined child patient who has been suffering from fever ( diphtheria , a fatal illness if left untreated) for three days. The narrator of this story is a doctor who is called to check on a new patient Mathilda by her mother Mrs Olson. Mrs Olson, the patient's mother, takes him into the kitchen where the fully-dressed child is sitting on her father's lap (the sick child is being kept in the kitchen by the stove, to keep her warm). The doctor looks things over and finds tha

PROFESSIONS FOR WOMEN - Virginia Woolf (1882-1941)

Summary : Virginia Adeline Woolf (1882-1941) was an English novelist and essayist, regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century. She was one of the leaders in the literary movement of modernism.  The speech of  Professions for Women  was given in 1931 to the Women’s Service League by Virginia Woolf. It was also included in  Death of a Moth  and  Other Essays  in 1942. Throughout the speech, Virginia Woolf brings forward a problem that is still relevant today:  gender inequality .   Woolf’s main point in this essay was to bring awareness to the phantoms (illusions) and obstacles women face in their jobs. Woolf argues that women must overcome special obstacles to become successful in their careers. She describes two hazards she thinks all women who aspire to professional life must overcome: their tendency to sacrifice their own interests to those of others and their reluctance (hesitancy) to challenge conservative male attitudes .  She starts her