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Showing posts from May 1, 2016


Wystan Hugh Auden W.H Auden was an Anglo-American poet, born in England, later became American citizen. He was born in York, England, on February 21, 1907. He moved to Birmingham during childhood and was educated at Christ Church, Oxford. As a young man, he was influenced by the poetry of Thomas Hardy and Robert Frost, as well as William Blake, Emily Dickinson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Old English verse.   He was regarded by many as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century. His work is noted for its stylistic and technical achievements, its engagement with moral and political issues, and its variety of tone, form, and content. The central themes of his poetry are love, politics and citizenship, religion and morals, and the relationship between unique human rights and the anonymous, impersonal world nature. W. H. Auden served as a chancellor of the Academy of American Poets from 1954 to 1973, and divided most of the second half of his life between residences in New Yo


Langston Hughes and Harlem Renaissance (EXTENSIVE READING:  In 'Harlem,' Hughes is saying that dreams are a necessary part of survival. He starts by asking a question: 'What happens to a dream deferred?' That is, when you put off (or defer) a dream, what happens to it? Most people might say that a 'dream deferred' will just fade away, but Hughes disagrees. He compares dreams to food, a basic element of survival. He talks about what happens when dreams are put off: They are like raisins, dried and shrunken and not nearly as juicy as the ripe grapes they came from. They are like rancid meat. They crust over like syrup left out. And he also compares them to physical ailments: an infected sore and someone sagging under a heavy load.   So basically, Hughes is saying that dreams are an important part of human survival, and when they are ignored or put off, they rot and infect everything around them.  And then, the last line: 'or does it explode?


EDWARD ESTLIN CUMMINGS E E Cummings (1894-1942) is an American poet,   who was one of the most radically experimental and inventive writers of the 20th century. E.E. Cummings is not only an American Writer but also a poet, painter, and playwright. His body of work encompasses approximately 2,900 poems, two autobiographical novels, four plays and several essays, as well as numerous drawings and paintings. He is remembered as a preeminent voice of 20th century poetry. A distinctive feature of Cummings's poetry is the abandonment of uppercase letters. During World War I (1914-1918) he was an ambulance driver in France, ultimately spending three months in a French military detention camp on a false charge. After World War I Cummings studied art in Paris. His first volume of poetry, Tulips and Chimneys , appeared in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s he lived alternately in France and in the United States, finally settling in New York City. Regarding the sty