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Robert Frost, USA (1874-1963) POEM : Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village, though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. My little horse must think it queer    To stop without a farmhouse near Between the woods and frozen lake The darkest evening of the year. He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake.   The only other sounds the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are lovely, dark, and deep, But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep,    And miles to go before I sleep. ABOUT POET & the POEM : Robert Frost wrote "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" in 1922, two years before winning the first of his four Pulitzer Prizes. The poem tells the story of a man traveling through some snowy gardens on the darkest evening of the year, and he's pretty m

THE GREAT ANSWER - Fulton Oursler

Fulton Oursler, USA (1893-1952) Questions: What is the great answer to the riddle of life? Explain. What is the message of the story, The Great answer? Can you cite any experience from your own life to support the message of the story? Points to Remember: In this story writer Fulton Oursler just want to say that love human being, struggle till the last blood remains in the body, always help to helpless & needy ones, don't lose hope, faith in god, accept all the challenges, difficulties and problems. This is The Great Answer to solve the riddle of the life.  The three hidden interpretations of " The Great Answer " are:  We should have faith in God, We must struggle in our life, We should help others. ‘The Great Answer’   written by Fulton Oursler gives an account of the refugees trying to flee the secret German Police following. The Nazi armies into France during World War II and the kind of journey they undertook so that they can cross the high Pyrenees Mountain, abo


William Somerset Maugham, England (1874-1965) THE CHARACTERS The characters may be divided into different groups: The major characters:  Mr Kelada and the narrator   The minor characters:  Mr And Mrs Ramsay, and the doctor The prejudiced (being biased or having a belief or attitude formed beforehand): the narrator and Mr Ramsay The non-prejudiced:  Mr Kelada, the doctor and Mrs Ramsay The Oriental (Denoting or characteristic of countries of Asia): Mr Kelada The Westerners:  Mr And Mrs Ramsay and the narrator The characters are described by their appearance and characteristics, except for the narrator. THE NARRATION - The story is told in the first person – the narrator sees everything and is a part of the plot. In the first episode, where he meets with Mr Kelada, the narrator is more active and involved. He observes, comments and judges Mr Kelada as he sees him through his own eyes. Since he is influenced by his prejudiced society, his judgments are subjective. In the second episode,


James Joyce (1882-1941) RELATED   QUESTIONS : How do you think Mrs. Mooney settled with Mr. Doran about Polly? Did Mr. Moran marry Polly or pay out compensation?  Sketch the character of Mrs. Mooney. Write an interpretation of 'The Boarding House'. Briefly narrate the story of "The Boarding House". Characters : Mrs. Mooney (butcher's daughter) Miss Polly Mooney (daughter) Jack (son) Doran (lover of miss Polly) Leonard (boss of Doran) Summary of the Text : James Joyce’s “The Boarding House” is the suspense story which ends with the strategic techniques of Mrs. Mooney, central character in the story. She plays the significant role to settle the love affair of her young daughter and Mr. Doren with whom she had an affair and special relationship. The story is all about the character sketch of a strong determined woman named Mrs. Mooney and her persuasive strategies to settle her daughter’s affa


Shreedhar Lohani, Nepal (1944-) Gaia is a beautiful poem composed by Shreedhar Lohani. He is one of the most famous, loved and respected name in English Department. He is a renowned Nepali writer, critic and poet. Prof. Lohani has achieved his degrees from Tribhuvan University and the University of England and the U.S.A. He has taught English literature in English Department for several years. Lohani's poems are influenced by the romantic writers. In this poem ‘Gaia’ means the earth. The title of the poem comes from Greek myth. In Greek myth, Gaia (also called Gaea) is considered to be the Goddess for earth. Hence, Gaia is the symbol or personification of mother earth or nature. The poem is about nature which is the main subject matter of romantic writers. Nature is mother, a feeder, care taker and the one who nourishes. Indeed, it is nature that sacrifices, endures all the difficulties and gives life to her generations. As a mother, nature or the earth is gentle. As a female


Anuradha Chaudhary, Bangladesh (1947-) The Essay "How Sane Are We?" by Anuradha Chaudhary is based on the environmental problem. Basically, she presents her ideas that human beings have been too much irresponsible and indifferent to the conservation of the environment and she predicts that it will make their life quite difficult. She believes that due to human indifference, rapid urbanisation and industrialisation, the environment is getting heavily polluted. She is a professor of environmental biology. In this essay as a researcher of the environment, she talks about the degrading condition of nature and its surrounding. Mainly she believes that the gases produced by the industry, mishandling the chemicals and the excessive use of CFCs  ( chlorofluorocarbons )  have greatly contributed to the destruction of the ozone layer which causes  skin cancer , the greenhouse effect  and other various epidemics  (widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected