Skip to main content



UNIT 14: TALKING ABOUT THE PAST (II): INTERRUPTED CONTINUOUS ACTIONS  Vocabulary in use  Read the story, and collect the words/phrases in bold letters. Then write each bold word/phrase next to the correct meanings given below.  a. looking at something/somebody for a long time = staring shouted = yelled disappeared = vanished died = passed away attention = heed held each other tightly = cuddled afraid = scared Reading comprehension Read the story, and put the following sentences in the correct order.  Dinesh asked his grandma where she was going. Pabitra continued packing her things. She would quickly change the topic and start talking about something else. Jayaram congratulated his son for being second in the class. There was a tablet on the table in his room. Junakiri took a half-day leave from her office to welcome her mother-in-law at home. As he talked about Kanchhu, she hurried to come home back. TIME FOR GRAMMAR Read the following story, and supply the


SUMMARY:  The speaker of the poem is a small boy who was sold into the chimney-sweeping business when his mother died. He recounts the story of a fellow chimney sweeper, Tom Dacre, who cried when his hair was shaved to prevent vermin and soot from infesting it. The speaker comforts Tom, who falls asleep and has a dream or vision of several chimney sweepers all locked in black coffins. An angel arrives with a special key that opens the locks on the coffins and sets the children free. The newly freed children run through a green field and wash themselves in a river, coming out clean and white in the bright sun. The angel tells Tom that if he is a good boy, he will have this paradis e for his own. When Tom awakens, he and the speaker gather their tools and head out to work, thinking that one day they would have a better life. VOCABULARY  IN USE scarcely: hardly, none chimney: smoke tract, pipe soot: dirt, stain shaved: cut off, clear locked up: confined, caged coffin: to


I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud The poet was wandering lonely over the valleys and the hills when suddenly he came across a lot of daffodil flowers beside a lake. The poet was overjoyed at the lovely sight of the flowers which seemed to be “tossing their heads” and “dancing” in the mild breeze. Charmed the daffodils, he gazed at them for long. Later in his life, when in a vacant or pensive mood, the poet felt pleasure with the memory of those flowers flashing upon his “inward eye”. SUMMARY : I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud is a lyric poem by William Wordsworth. It is one of the most popular poems of Wordsworth. The poem was inspired by an event on 15 April 1802 in which Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy came across a "long belt" of daffodils while wandering in the forest. In this poem, there are four stanzas with six lines in each stanza. The rhyme scheme of the poem is ABABCC and the main theme is the beauty of nature . The speaker was wandering alone like a floating cloud

CHAPTER 2: Business Communication


EXPRESSING PREFERENCES  Vocabulary in use  Supply the correct word from the box below after each definition.  pr eoccupied or filled the mind of (someone) continually and to a troubling extent: obsessed  the activity of looking at goods displayed in shop windows especially without intending to buy anything: windowed shopping   very silly or unreasonable: ridiculous a large belly: stomach   changed or caused to change direction abruptly: swerved hiding so as to wait in ambush for someone or something: lurking having or showing offensive desire: evil spoke with sudden involuntary pauses repeating the initial letters of words: stammered Reading comprehension  Read the extracts given below, and answer the questions that follow.  “I’m not a girl…I mean I’m not a girl for the girl…I mean the friend I am going to meet.”  Who said this and to whom? Anuja said this to her father What does ‘the girl’ refer to? It refers to a particular girl i.e., Anuja's

Unit 10: Describing Events

  Words Meanings Insurgent  A person who takes part in an armed rebellion against the constituted authority (especially in the hope of improving conditions)/freedom-fighter  Utopian  A perfect place; an imaginary state in which everything is perfect; idealistic Ideal Satisfying one’s conception of what is perfect; most suitable Two-pronged Separated into parts Oppression Unjust exercise of or power Intertwined One involved with the other and vice versa Ultimatum A final demand/the rejection of which will result in retaliation or a breakdown in relation Expunged Removed completely Parity The state or condition of being equal, especially as regards status Convention An assembly of people/large meeting or conference Feminist A person who supports or recommends the rights of women Vocabulary in Use Find the words from the text above that give similar meaning to the following. having