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A Letter to the Editor Urging Why Smoking Should be Outlawed at Public Places

 A Letter to the Editor urging why smoking should be outlawed at public places  The Editor The Kathmandu Post Central Business Park Kathmandu Subject: Harms of Smoking at Public Places Dear Sir, I am writing this letter to express my concern over the issue of smoking. The causes of smoking are many. One starts this harmful habit in the company of bad friends, loneliness, or by watching actors in the movies. These smoking scenes in movies depicting cine stars smoking has many adverse effects on the viewers, especially the youngsters. I think that we should do more to stop smoking because it is not healthy for the human body and it will take a long time to get back to being healthy. Smoking is not only dangerous for smokers, but also for the people around the smokers. Additionally, it pollutes the Earth when people throw cigarettes on the ground. So, I believe that the Government must ban smoking in public places to discourage it among people. Banning smoking will save lots of lives and

Unit 10: Interpreting Graphs, Charts and Diagrams

Enrich Your Vocabulary  Choose the synonym (s) of the underlined word(s).  John greeted his friend with a warm smile and firm handshake. C. Welcomed The old man grasped his young grandson’s hand tightly, so he couldn’t run onto the road. B. Held I’m interested in learning more about the customs of other countries. C. Traditions Remember, when you meet Mr Robin, he doesn’t like any physical contact . B. Touching Choose the best options and fill in the blanks.  A nod can be used to greet someone or to show agreement. Jimba stuck out his hand towards the woman, but she refused to shake it. Ken hurt his back after his deep bow to the foreign visitor. The styles in this store range from old-fashioned to modern. Getting down on your knees is a ritual to honour the dead in this country Read and Tick Read the text again, and tick the best answers. What is the text mainly about? = The wide range of greeting customs in the world Which of the following is

Unit 8: Asking for Reasons, Purposes and Their Responses


Unit 9:Giving Directions

II. Manechauka: A place that Holds a Memory Read and Answer  Read the text above, and answer the following questions:  What does Manechauka remind the writer of? - Manechauka reminds the writer of his childhood.  Where is it located? - It is located in the northern part of Tanahun District. Why is it unique for the writer? - It is unique for the writer because of its natural beauty.  What has the writer learned from the place? - The writer has learned to swim, climb up and down the hills, read and write, and adjust himself in society of total harmony.   Write down any five facilities that a person can enjoy there. - School, campus, electricity, telephones and internet service. Read the text again, and decide whether the following sentences are true or false.  The writer learnt to swim in Manechauka. TRUE He started his schooling from there. TRUE Only Hindus live there. FALSE People have a feeling of fraternity. TRUE Manechauka is situated in the western part o


DOVER BEACH - Matthew Arnold

Dover Beach  Written in 1851, Dover Beach is Matthew Arnold 's best-known poem. It was inspired by two visits he and his wife Frances made to the south coast of England, where the white cliffs of Dover stand, just twenty-two miles from the coast of France. This poem of consists of 39 lines, addresses the decline of religious faith in the modern world and offers the fidelity of affection as its successor. Many claim it to be a honeymoon poem and that is understandable because romantic love, albeit (although) of a Victorian nature, features strongly. But there's no doubt the poem goes much deeper, into the notion of happiness and humanity's spiritual state. The speaker laments the loss of true Christian faith in England during the mid-1800s as science captured the minds of the public. The speaker, considered to be Matthew Arnold himself, begins by describing a calm and quiet sea out in the English Channel. He stands on the Dover coast and looks across to France where a sma

UNIT 7: Expressing Conditions (II)

Read the following sentences, and choose the appropriate words from the box below to complete the sentences.  His invention was popular but not commercially successful for it was not bought by many people.  Local people complained about the excessive noise coming from the dance bar.  Vegetables produced using pesticides are unfit for human consumption . Rice cultivation should be promoted in the terai. It really strengthens farmers’ economic condition.  Excessive use of . pesticides invites health hazards.  Though insecticides are required to kill the insects in our farm, they are never good for human health.  Lots of ailments are caused by pollution in the cities.  Reading comprehension ( p. 74 ) Read the following articles above, and decide whether the following statements are true or false.  Most of the vegetables available in the market are unsafe for consumption. TRUE Ram Babu Paneru is a scientist at Nepal Agricultural Research Council. TRUE Excessive use of

UNIT 8: Talking about Past: Narrating Past Events

1. Enrich your Vocabulary  Happy cannot be a verb. But the verb "have" is implied: I wish you have a happy reading, meaning : "I wish you enjoy your reading.” Adjectives are words that are used to describe or modify nouns or pronouns. Examples, red , quick , happy , etc.  An Adverb is a word that modifies or describes a verb (he sings loudly), an adjective (very tall), another adverb (ended too quickly), or even a whole sentence (Fortunately, I had brought an umbrella.). Adverbs often end in -ly , but some (such as fast) look exactly as their adjective counterparts.  3. Read and Rearrange (Answer Only): A couple of doves had been living in a peepal tree for years.  At the bottom of the tree, there lived a big black snake in a deep hole. The doves were upset because the snake had eaten their eggs and chicks. They went to their friend’s house to get help. The fox asked what their problem was. They told everything to the fox. The fox presented a plan before the d

UNIT 7: Giving Instructions and Describing Purpose

 Page (79-88) STUDY TIME ( page 85 ) Supply appropriate question tags for the following stems:  Anudan never works hard, does he ?  Someone has come, haven’t they ?  Let him play the music, will you ?  Don’t run, will you ?  Raj Kishor hardly recognized us, did he ?  There was a lot of traffic, wasn’t there ?  There are a lot of people, aren’t there ?  Let’s have some tea, shall we ?  Let the hermit (a solitary or religious person) convince the minister, will you ?  Let’s wish for his long life, shall we ?  No one knows me there, do they ?  Instructions for Preparing Tea Place a kettle on the stove. Add required water to the kettle and turn the stove on.   Add some teabags/tea-leaf in the kettle. Steep the tea for at least 5 minutes. Add milk and/or sugar if desired. Enjoy your tea with or without cookies. Instructions to Prepare an Omelette  Crack eggs in a bowl, and whisk until yolks break. Add peppers, garlic, and onions and whisk again. Put a frying pan o


Did I Miss Anything? Summary: The poem “Did I Miss Anything?” is written from two distinct points of view. They are the student’s point of view and the teacher’s point of view. The words “nothing” and “everything” represent the student’s point of view and the teacher’s point of view respectively. Stanza one is written from the students' point of view. It reveals the fact that the teacher is missing in the classroom. In the teacher’s absence, the students simply sit in silence , with their hands folded on the desks. Stanza two is written from the teacher’s point of view. It tells how he has given heavily weighted exams, assigned readings, and prepared a quiz. Stanza three represents students' perspective. Here, a typical student blames that the classroom education is valueless, meaningless and a waste of time. It will have no effect or purpose later in life. However, in stanza four, the poet explains why education is important. It claims that through education a person is e